AZAD JAMU KASMIR

The boundless beauty, snow-clad mountains, large natural lakes surrounded by
thickly populated pine forests with rivers flowing therein have made AJK state a
prime tourist attraction place. Kashmir is a subject of focal attention not only for sages, seers, poets, historians, philosophers, but also for scientists and wilderness lovers all over the world. The Kashmir lies in the longest and the highest range of mountains which harbors a rich varied diversity of the spectrum of Fauna & Flora, unique river systems and a variety of mineral deposits besides the scenic splendor.  Hundreds of rivers and streams rising from the region carry water to the parched plains of Pakistan.
The region presents a matchless picturesque beauty consisting of snow covered peaks, attractive glaciers, enchanting landscapes and waterfalls, sparkling and gurgling streams, thick forests full of wildlife, archeological monuments, religious temples and shrines. The great Himalayan region is one of the few remaining isolated and inaccessible area in the world today. The region is a complex mosaic of forest covered ranges and fertile valleys. The area is rich in vegetation and form a complex eco-system. The region has been bequeathed with the majestic Himalayan range that feeds and preserves the life throughout the north. Tranquility and peace are the synonyms with these mountains.
Geographical Setup and Physiography
The State of Azad Jammu and Kashmir comprises of 13,297 sq km area within longitudes 73° - 75° and latitudes 33° - 36° in the Himalayan region of Pakistan (Figure 1). It is a fascinating land of people, languages and culture. The elevation ranges from 360 meters above sea level (masl) in the South to 6325 masl in the North. It consists of 10 districts: Muzaffarabad, Neelum, Sudhnutti, Bhimber, Poonch, Mirpur, Bagh, Kotli, Havaile (Kahuta) and Hattian. Muzaffarabad, the state capital of Azad Kashmir is located at a distance of 138 km from Rawalpindi and about 76 km from
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Abbottabad at the confluence of the Jhelum & Neelum Rivers. The majority of the rural population depends on forestry, livestock and agriculture for its subsistence. The area under cultivation is around 171,332 ha (almost 13% of the total area), out of which 92% of the cultivable area is rain-fed. The major crops are maize, wheat & rice while minor crops include grams, pulses, oil-seeds and vegetables. Major fruits are apple, pears, apricot and walnuts.

Location map of AJK indicating various elevation ranges

The state’s area consists of valley plains, hills in the southeast and south, and high mountains in the west, northwest and north. The area is full of natural beauty with thick forest, fast flowing rivers, winding streams, snow-covered peaks and wheat-scented valleys like Neelum, Jhelum, Leepa, Rawalakot, Banjosa, Samahni&Baghser. Main rivers are Jhelum, Neelum and Poonch. The climate is sub-tropical highland type with an average yearly rainfall of 1300 mm and with maximum and minimum temperatures of 45.2°C and -2.6°C, respectively.

AJK  is surrounded by Northern Areas in the north; in the west byNorth West Frontier Province (NWFP); in the south by the Punjab and in the east by the

Line of Control).

Total Population of AJ&K:                  3.963 million

District                         Population(Millions)                District                         Population(Millions)

Neelum                                    0.176                                       Poonch                                    0.536

Muzaffarabad               0.632                                       Sudhnuti                      0.284

Hattian                         0.231                                       Kotli                            0.765

Bagh                            0.358                                       Mirpur                         0.428              

Haveli                          0.142                                       Bhimber                       0.419

Topography     Topographically Neelum, Muzaffarabad, Hattian, Poonch, Bagh, haveli,Sudhnuti& Kotli districts fall in mountainous zone while Mirpur and Bhimber in the foothills.

Climate            Subtropical type     

Rain     1300 mm (Average)

Elevation         Ranges from South:360 meters             Ranges from North:6325 meters

 

from Sea

Snow line        In Winter: around 1200 meters             In Summer: around 3600 meters

Main Rivers     Neelum, Jehlum and Poonch.

Official language          Urdu, English

Local Language                        Kashmiri, Pahari, Gojri, Hindko and Kohistani

Handicrafts       Carpet, Namda, Gabba, Patto, Silk and Cotton clothes, Kashmiri shawls, Wood carving, PapierMachie, pottery, silverwork, ornaments, nomad crafts.

Minerals           Gypsum, Limonite, Mica, Soapstone, Marble, Ruby, Tourmaline, Bentonite, Yellow Ochre, Pyrites, Lime Stone and Dolomite, Emerld, Aquamarine,  Spessartine, Sapphire, Beryl Quartz.

Other Products Mushroom, Honey, Walnut, Apple, Cherry, Balckberry, Elaguns, Medicinal plants, Herbs, Resin, Deodar, Kail, Chir, Fir, Maple and Ash Timbers, Blue pine, Spruce, Bird cherry, Palach.

 

 

 

 

Wildlife

Important Fish

Lakes

Snow Leopard, Leaopard, Panther, Bob Cat, Throated Marten, Rhesus Macaque, Red Fox, Black Bear, Brown Bear, Blue Bull, Grey Goral, Musk Deer, Himalayan Ibex, PirPanjalMarkhor, Snow Partridge, Himalayan Snow Cock, Chakor, Black Patridge, Grey Patridge, Common Quail, Western Horned Tragopan, Himalayan Markhor, White Crested, Khaleej Pheasant, Koklas Pheasant, Cheer Pheasant.

 

Snow Trout, Brown Trout, Rainbow Trout, Gulfam, Mahasher, Rahou.

           

Banjosa District Rawalakot

            RattiGali, Chitta Katha, Shounter, Kishan Ganga lake KelmMachuk lake phullawaiGurez.Neelum Valley.

            Mangla Lake, Mirpur

            Zalzallake, HattianChakar

Historical & Archeological AsstesOf AJ & K

 

 

District

Archeological Asset

 

Neelum

 

Remains of Budha University/ Hindu Temple sharda, Sharda Fort, kishanGhaati Near Sharda, NardaGhaati

Muzaffarabad

ManderSeetaRaamMadina Market, Baradari (Ruins of ThakarDawara near Quaid-e-Azam Bridge),  Hindu Temple old Secretariat, Red Fort Gojra, Fort near Neelum View Hotel.

Hattian

Hindu Temple GojerBandi (Chinari)

Bagh

Bagh Fort

Poonch

Deira, Gurdawara, Ruins Of BaradariTetrinot, Ruins of Mandhol Temple

Sudhanuti

Baral Fort, Rani BowliPalandri, Hindu Temple Baitaran, YaadgareShooda-e-Mong, QilaKalpur Devi Gali.

Haveli

Sarra-e-Aliabad

Kotli

Bhrund Fort Sehnsa, Throchi Fort Gulpur, Hindu Temple BallayMuhalla, Mughal Sarra-e Khoiratta, Caves of ancient times near DarbarMaaiTootisahiba

Mirpur

Mangla Fort, Ramkot Fort, Burgen Fort

Bhimber

Baghser Fort, Mughal Mosque, Sarra-e-Saadabad (Samahni), Rani Bowli&Chappar, Gurdawara Ali  Baig, Seetabawli and Hamams

 

 

 

Main Tourist Attractions

District Poonch            Pearl Valley Rawalakot, Kotmattay Khan, Tarani Waterfall, Banjosa, Ghorimaar, Tolipeer, Tattapani, Dawarandi& line of control tetrinot.

District Sudhnuti          Dhardharatch towers, Pallandri, Nagasher, Dayyar, Iruta Top, Chaarbayar, Devi gali.

District Bagh    Sudhangali, Ganga Choti, Dhirkot, Neelabut

District Haveli  Lasdana, MehmoodGali, Sherodhara, Hajipeer, NooriChamb Aliabad, Bedori tops, Khursheedabad, Hailan.

District Hattian Dao khan, Chakar, Loonbagla, Leepa valley, Dungian

District Neelum            Kutton, Keran, Upper Neelum, Dawwarian, Sharda, Kel, ArrangKel, Taobat, Halmat, Gurez.

District Muzaffarbad     Muzaffrabad city, Shaheedgali, Sarran, Peer chinasi.

District Kotli    Kotli, Sarda, Sehnsa valley.

District Mirpur Mirpur, Mangla, Ramkot Fort.

District Bhimber           Bernala, Vetala and Samahni valley.

 

Important Routes of AJ & K

Azad Pattan      80 Kms from Islamabad.

Holar   76Kms from Islamabad

Kohala 108 Kms from Islamabad

Bararkot           53 Kms from Abbotabad. (Bararkot to Muzaffarabad 17 Kms)

Dhalkot            85 Kms from Islamabad

Dhangali          62 Kms from Islamabad

Mangla 110 Kmsfrom Islamabad

About Helix

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07 March 2019
07 March 2019
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